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Gum disease is an infection caused by bacteria that has affected the soft and hard tissue surrounding your tooth or teeth in case the condition is generalized, the previous mentioned structures are in charge of giving the appropriate support to the tooth and by having this infection the tooth on matter could be compromised and maybe lost if the gum disease is leaved unattended.

Gum disease could be spotted by yourself if you notice any of the next signs:

  • ​G​ums that bleed easily
  • ​R​ed, swollen, tender gums
  • ​G​ums that have pulled away from the teeth
  • ​P​ersistent bad breath or bad taste
  • ​P​ermanent teeth that are loose or separating
  • ​A​ny change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
  • ​A​ny change in the fit of partial denture

There are some factors that could increase the developingg of gum disease if any of the next factors it is in your habits you should schedule a dental check up as soon as possible.

  • ​P​oor oral hygiene
  • ​S​moking or chewing tobacco
  • ​G​enetics
  • ​C​rooked teeth that are hard to keep clean
  • ​P​regnancy
  • ​D​iabetes
  • ​M​edications, including steroids, certain types of anti-epilepsy drugs, cancer therapy drugs, some calcium channel blockers and oral contraceptives

Research between systemic diseases and periodontal diseases is ongoing. While a link is not conclusive, some studies indicate that severe gum disease may be associated with several other health conditions such as diabetes or stroke.

http://www.mouthhealthy.org/en/az-topics/g/gum-disease

Gum disease can be divided in 2 main categories: Gingivitis or Periodontitis; the first category affects only gum and the second category affects both gum and bone surrounding the tooth.

The gum disease can be easily solved by either a 1 appointment or even 5 appointment with the clinician depending on the gravity of the infection. In order to remove any tartar that s present and causing a damage on the surrounding structure of the teeth it is necessary a combination of hand held instruments  appropriate instruction on oral health and special medication.